#Drugs

Crystal Meth Use Accelerates HIV Even With Medication, Study Shows

Many have long assumed use of stimulants like crystal methamphetamine can accelerate HIV progression. Thanks to a new study published in the journal Brain, Behavior and Immunity there is scientific evidence to back that up. 

Adam Carrico, Ph. D., associate professor of Public Health Sciences and Psychology at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, was lead author on the study, "Recent Stimulant Use and Leukocyte Gene Expression in Methamphetamine Users with Treated HIV Infection."

"Stimulant use may accelerate HIV disease progression through biological and behavioral pathways," says Carrico. "But if we can identify the biological pathways, then we can develop new approaches to optimize the health of active stimulant users who are living with HIV."

The study was a collaboration between researchers at the University of California San Francisco, University of California Los Angeles, and New York University, and involved studying changes in gene expression of samples from 55 HIV-positive, meth-using men receiving effective anti-retroviral therapy.

"We found a differential expression of 32 genes and perturbation of 168 pathways in recent stimulant users, including genes previously associated with the HIV reservoir, immune activation, and inflammation," says Carrico. "Anti-retroviral therapy is often successful in suppressing HIV in the blood, however, the virus typically remains in reservoirs, such as the lymph nodes and inside some immune cells."

Carrico believes these findings could be helpful in finding a cure for the virus. “Maybe these pathways can help us to understand how we can ‘wake up’ the virus and pull it out of hiding; some of these pathways could become targets for potential biomedical treatments targeting the HIV reservoir,” he says.

"We are now testing behavioral interventions in San Francisco and Miami that are designed to reduce stimulant use in people living with HIV," Carrico says. "Hopefully, decreasing the use of stimulants like methamphetamine will allow for better control of the HIV viral load and could even directly improve the immune system."

For further information, check out this press release about the study:  https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-05/uomm-urf050418.php  

 

Former Owner of LGBTQ Website Fridae Convicted Of Drug Trafficking

Singaporean resident Stuart Koe Chi Yeow is the founder of the LGBTQ news and social networking site Fridae.com. And, Koe has recently been convicted of drug trafficking, according to the Straits Times.

Earlier today in Singapore, Distinct Judge Olivia Low found the former website owner guilty of selling a pack of methamphetamine to beauty guru Yeoh Kim Koon. The actual sale happened in August of last year in Koe’s home.

But, this isn’t the only offense against Koe, as he has five other drug-related charges against him. Each one will be dealt with by the court in the future.

The current charge that he’s now convicted of started when Koe was arrested back in September of last year.

Yeoh Kim Koon, who’s also been arrested and charged with drug possession, testified against Koe and said that Koe had sold him drugs multiple times before. Yeoh, who was also Koe’s former lover, said he paid what equates to $240 for the meth and $300 for 100ml of a drug called “G.”

Yeoh also mentioned that the two would use the code words “cream” to reference meth, and “G water” to reference another drug called gamma hydroxybutyric acid.

Stuart Koe Chi Yeow denied these claims by saying he only sold the beauty guru numbing cream and hair-growth lotion called Growell. To back this up, Koe’s defense also mentioned that he has a second job as the managing director of a local pharmaceutical firm called ICM that manufactures these products.

That said, he later admitted, while being cross-examined, that he knew that the two code words were often used to reference drugs.

Again, Koe was officially found guilty earlier today in Singapore. He has been offered a bail of $45,000 and will be sentenced on March 14.

He is expected to get somewhere between five to 20 years in prison. Plus, Singapore has an additional punishment for most drug traffickers of five to 15 cane strikes.